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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

112                                         FLOEA   INDJCA.
Carex j&itvi.                                Poa afpina,
„    Pseudo-cypcru*.                  „   nemoralis.
„   ampuHacea.                         „  pratensis.
„   paludosa.                          Dactylis glomerate.
Alopecurus prat ens is.                 Festuci* omna,
Polypogon Monitptluwris.            Brachypodium sylvaticwn
Agrostis v»Jgari#.                       Bromus tectorum.
Koelileria cri&tuto*                       Lolium temulentum,
Poa anuua.                                 Hordeum pratense.
One very remarkable result has already struck us with
regard to the Himalayan distribution of European plants,
namely, their rapid disappearance to. the east of Kumaon.
Few species, comparatively, extend into Nipal, and still fewer
occur in Sikkim. Thus Myrtus cominunis,—to mention only
a few instances,—is. not found further east than Afghani-
stan; Nymphaa alba, Marrubium vulgare, Nepeta Cataria,
PotentUla reptans, and Tnfolimn fragiferum, have not ))ccn
observed beyond Kashmir; Crat&yys Oxyacantha stops in
Kishtwar; Rubus frutico&ks in the outer hill$ near- Jamu;
Bnd'Ayuitegia vulgaris in'Kumaon. 'There is thus a blending
of European forms with the proper Himalayan Flora in the
western parts of the chain, just as, to the eastward, we find
Chinese and Malayan forms intermixed .with it. How far
this curious fact is due to. climatic or physical causes, our
present data do not enable us to decide. It cannot however,
we . think, be disconnected .from the gradually diminishing
rain-fall of the more western Himalaya. We ought also not
to forget that in the longitude of Kumaon there exists a great
watershed/ which stretches north-east as far as the sea of
Japan; for, however little this, point of physical structure
may now affect the vegetation of the outer regions of the
Himalaya, its influence during the elevation of the land must
have been very considerable.
6. 77m Egyptian type.—Egypt, Southern Arabia, and the
wanner parts of Persia, possess a remarkable similarity of
climate to Bcluchistan, Sind, and thePanjab, and at the same